buf - buffer (array)
count - count of elements in buffer (integer)
datatype - type of elements in buffer (handle)
dest - destination rank (integer)
tag - communication tag (integer)
comm - communicator for message (handle)
The MPI_Bsend() function is used to send a message to the process with rank dest in the communicator comm , using the tag envelope, and using an internal buffer created by the MPI_Buffer_attach() function to temporarily store the data. The send will proceed provided there is enough room in the attached buffer. If this is not the case, then the error MPI_ERR_BUFFER will be returned without the send taking place. It is up to the user to make sure there is adequate buffer space available by accounting for outstanding buffered sends. Note that each outstanding send has an overhead of MPI_BSEND_OVERHEAD in the attached buffer. The send consists of count elements of type datatype in an array specified by buf .
The communicator must be a valid one (not MPI_COMM_NULL). PMPI_Bsend() is the profiling version of this function.
If the destination is MPI_PROC_NULL then no send is posted, and MPI_SUCCESS is returned.
All MPI routines except for MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick return an error code. The the current MPI error handler is invoked if the return value is not MPI_SUCCESS. The default error handler aborts, but this may be changed with by using the MPI_Errhandler_set() function. The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned instead. Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an error. In this implementation, all errors except MPI_ERR_INTERN or MPI_ERR_OTHER should always be recoverable.
In C, the error code is passed as the return value. In FORTRAN, all functions have an parameter ierr which returns the error code. MPI C++ functions do not directly return an error code. However, C++ users may want to use the MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS handler. This will throw an MPI::Exception with the corresponding error code. To prevent exceptions from being raised from within C and Fortran code, they will see all error return values as MPI_ERR_PENDING when this handler is chosen. In this implementation, call MPI::throw_exception() to throw the correct exception if this occurs.
MPI_SUCCESS - No error;
MPI_ERR_PENDING - Pending exception;
MPI_ERR_COMM - Invalid communicator;
MPI_ERR_COUNT - Invalid element count;
MPI_ERR_BUFFER - Invalid buffer, or free space in attached buffer too small;
MPI_ERR_TAG - Invalid tag;
MPI_ERR_TYPE - Invalid data type;
MPI_ERR_RANK - Invalid destination;
MPI_ERR_INTERN - Out of memory error.
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